Tuesday, August 25, 2020

The Spanish Inquisition

The Spanish Inquisition was a questionable time basically during the fifteenth century. In any case, it continued reoccurring during different pieces of history instead of just in the fifteenth century. There were a wide range of strategies utilized in which non-Christians would be tormented. Here and there, an inappropriate people would be tormented on the off chance that they accepted that the individual they were tormenting truly wasn’t Christian. The tormenting of individuals due to their religion is the thing that makes the Spanish Inquisition such an upsetting and dull piece of history. The purpose behind the Spanish Inquisition was on the grounds that the Christians vanquished Spain once more, which prompted the Christians driving non-Christian individuals, for example, Jews, to change over to Christianity. Any non-Christian who wouldn't change over to Christianity would be arraigned and tormented utilizing various techniques, for example, starvation, strappado, racking and numerous different types of torment. In 1478, Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabelle of Castile set up the Spanish Inquisition. The explanation the probe was built up was on the grounds that Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabelle of Castile needed to join Spain. The Spanish Inquisition could help monetarily in light of the fact that cash could be made by taking property from blamed blasphemers. Another explanation behind the Spanish Inquisition is on the grounds that Ferdinand and Isabelle accepted that Spain could be joined under Christianity. Additionally, Ferdinand and Isabelle oppressed Jews basically on the grounds that they were enemies of Semites. The principal Inquisitors showed up in Seville in 1480 to nullify apostasy. Sin is a conviction or conclusion that is in opposition to a standard strict teaching (particularly Christianity). Numerous Spanish Jews had to change over to Christianity and some of them changed over by decision. There were various sentences for those saw as blameworthy of apostasy. In the event that you were seen as blameworthy of blasphemy, at that point your property would be seized and you would be singed to death. There would be open mortification for those saw as liable at the auto da fe, which is where the apostate would be scorched to death. The hour of the best impact during the Spanish Inquisition was under the rules of Philip II and Philip III. This timespan happened in 1569-1621. The Inquisition had endured past to this timeframe in light of an absence of heading under Charles V, who governed from 1517-1556. In any case, during the rule of Philip II, there in the end became 16 councils in Spain, two courts in Italy and three in the New World. The Inquisition significantly extended its arraignment of a wide range of strict wrongdoings. Common Spaniards were brought into the councils just as Protestants, conversos, Moriscos and outsiders. There was definite addressing even to individuals who doubtlessly didn’t submit sin. These individuals would be fined a couple of ducats, which was viewed as an exceptionally overwhelming fine. The councils depended on unpaid authorities. In the first place, there were the two systems of familiars and camisarios. The familiars were laymen accused of conveying messages, capturing suspects and conveying them to the Inquisition. The comisarios were clerics who aided the get-together of proof at the nearby level. Calificadores would exhort the inquisitors about the allegations to whether somebody was a blasphemer or not. There was a merciless manner by which the Inquisition worked. Potential blasphemers weren’t rewarded like in today’s norms generally on the grounds that the expression â€Å"innocent until demonstrated guilty† wasn’t followed. Initially, there was the allegation. At the point when the Inquisition showed up in a city, the initial step was known as the Edict of Grace. It was called this on the grounds that a time of effortlessness was offered to the individuals blamed for a wrongdoing to carry the denounced individual to the congregation without serious discipline. Next, there was the confinement. The case would be inspected by the calificadores would decide whether there was sin included. Numerous cases endured as long as two years before the calificadores analyzed the case. The property of the detainee would be taken during confinement. This property would be utilized to pay for costs and the own expenses and upkeep of the individual being charged. The whole procedure was finished with much mystery. The preliminary procedure is after the detainment procedure. The preliminary comprised of a progression of hearings. The denouncers and litigants both gave their declarations. Torment was utilized until the respondent would admit. The torment utilized was unsystematic. It was applied chiefly to those associated with Judaism and Protestantism. Torment would even be applied paying little heed to a person’s age. Essentially even kids and old individuals would be tormented. Torment assumed a significant job in the Spanish Inquisition. There were a wide range of strategies for torment. One strategy for torment was strappado. Strappado was the point at which the casualties would be suspended from the roof by their wrists. The casualty would tumble from a tallness and be halted by an unexpected yank directly before they arrive at the ground. Another strategy for torment was starvation in which the individual blamed for sin would be famished. Racking was additionally utilized. A rack was an instrument of torment comprising of a casing on which the casualty was extended by going rollers to which the wrists and lower legs were tied. Toca was a technique for causing the casualty to accept they were suffocating by placing a material in their mouth and pouring a container of water in their mouth.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Development of Maiolica across Islam and Christian Cultures Research Paper

The Development of Maiolica across Islam and Christian Cultures - Research Paper Example Humanities, and all the more critically antiquarianism which is a sub-field of humanities contemplates the material culture of human development. Earthenware is one of the more significant material belongings for examining old societies on the grounds that in regions where ceramics is discovered ways exist to date the territory, study the implications of images by what is on the stoneware, and to find something about the manner by which earthenware speaks to the living society of that society. Maiolica earthenware exists across Islam and Christian societies. Maiolica is tin-coated stoneware artistic that is made hazy in light of the fact that there is an expansion of tin oxide ahead of the pack coat establishment or in its experience coat. Lead is not, at this point utilized creation pottery since it is a risky item. Maiolica has a thick, white shiny covering which doesn't get fluid when terminated. This implies the adornments don't get runny or obscured on the whitish foundation. At the point when the clay piece is terminated at a low temperature the beautifications become set and the piece has a one of a kind white shine that originates from the tin oxide ahead of the pack coat (Mussachio 9). Maiolica was shipped to Pisa through Majorca, which is likely how the earthenware got its name. It was acquired by the Spanish Moors who got the strategy to the Italians about the fourteenth century. The primary proof of this innovation originates from around the ninth century Baghdad. Islamic ceramics of this sort started to spread by the eleventh century and was utilized in structures that were both strict and community (Figure 1). The Crusaders likely presented the ceramics in Europe as an image of their triumph over the ‘pagans’.... Inevitably this adjustment in pattern ruled the earthenware showcase in Europe for in excess of 300 years. Figure 1. Friday Mosque of Herat, Afghanistan (Wikipedia). The principal complex proposed for the creation of maiolica was found in Syria from the eighth century BCE. Different focuses of clay stoneware creation from Islamic countries incorporate Fustat from 975 until 1075, Damascus from 1100 until 1600 and Tabriz from 1470 until 1550. The expansion of the metallic shine happened in around 850 BCE in Mesopotamia and got spread over the Islamic countries in the tenth century up to the Iberian Peninsula. This procedure originates from placing copper or silver into the oxide which is then blended in with ocher and applied to the enameled or coated surface (Fuga 246). The improvement of maiolica originates from Islamic endeavors to recreate Chinese porcelain, however they didn't have the innovation to make their ceramics utilizing the high temperatures expected to make porcelain (Co oper 84) (Figure 2). Figure 2 East Persian Maiolica, tenth Century (Wikipedia). The impact of tin-coat over stoneware was an adjustment of the Egyptian utilization of the reasonable coating, however had been designed a thousand years sooner by the Babylonians who had just utilized it on their blocks as there is no proof of it being utilized on artistic pots (Cooper 86). One reason that maiolica was utilized in Islam family units was that the utilization of valuable metals and delicacy on the table was taboo from the content of the Qur’an. This utilization of resplendent looking pieces produced using conventional materials conquered this order from the Islamic sacred book (Italian Pottery Journal). Figure 3 Hispano-Moresque Maiolica thirteenth Century

Thursday, July 30, 2020

Essay about Mens Health

Essay about Men's Health Mens Health Dec 20, 2018 in Healthcare Widespread Issues in Men's Health Each community relies heavily on the contribution of men to achieve its development agenda. There are, however, various issues that may hinder their full participation in the development endeavors. In the city of Miami, there are various issues facing men (Kirby, 2009). The document Healthy People 2020 outlines several men related issues. The first topic is HIV. Centers for Disease Control and Infection (CDC) indicated that Miami had the highest rate of HIV infection among men. The disease is widespread among bisexual and gay men. The strategies used by the government to contain the spread HIV among these people have not been felt and, therefore, there is a need to seek for alternative mechanisms of dealing with this worrying trend (Kirby, 2009).

Friday, May 22, 2020

Realism in Oedipus the King Essay - 1234 Words

Realism in Oedipus Rex This essay will examine a feature of Sophocles’ tragedy which causes the reader to doubt the realism underlying the literary work. Specifically, the essay will consider the feasability of the belief at that time – that the Delphi oracle possessed credibility with the people. At the outset of the drama the priest of Zeus and the crowd of citizens of Thebes are gathered before the royal palace of Thebes talking to King Oedipus about the plague which is ravaging the city. The king is sorely troubled and laments the sad situation. Then he says: I have sent Menoeceus son, Creon, my consorts brother, to inquire Of Pythian Phoebus at his Delphic shrine, How I might†¦show more content†¦Whats amiss? CREON Banishment, or the shedding blood for blood. This stain of blood makes shipwreck of our state. And for the duration of the tragedy the characters explicitly or implicitly acknowledge their total belief in the directions of the Delphic oracle as the only means of ridding Thebes of the plague. Historically speaking, did the Delphic oracle have such credibility among the populace? For an answer to this question we go to The Histories of Herodotus. Herodotus was called the â€Å"Father of History† by Cicero and others. He lived and wrote in the fifth century BC just like Sophocles. As a contemporary, Herodotus knew and wrote about the beliefs and customs of the ancient Greeks as an historian, not as a litterateur. Herodotus was therefore interested in a factual presentation, not in an imaginative presentation such as Sophocles sought for as a dramatist. Herodotus, therefore, can be relied upon to either substantiate or contradict the validity of the situation in Oedipus Rex where the realism of the drama rests considerably on the claimed belief in the infallibility of the Delphic oracle. Let us examine a portion of The Histories that describes Athens, since Sophocles lived in Athens and wrote for an Athenian audience and even had Oedipus die at Colonnus, a suburb of Athens. In Book V Herodotus describes the engagement between the Athenians and the Boeotians, who were defeated; then another victory for AthensShow MoreRelatedThe Use of Chance in Oedipus vs. Chronicle of a Death Foretold1172 Words   |  5 PagesJillian Smith anderson IB English Period 2 4 November 2012 The Use of Chance in Chronicle of a Death Foretold versus Oedipus the King Chance can serve many different purposes in works of literature. Whether it is to display a certain idea or to simply add to the authors writing style, chance can have a very significant effect on a reader or an audience. In Oedipus the King by Sophocles and Chronicle of a Death Foretold by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, both writers use chance to develop their plotsRead More Tragedy in Oedipus the King and Dolls House Essay660 Words   |  3 Pagessimply realism, the unspoken way of life. In Sophocles Oedipus the King and Ibsens A Dolls House, the main characters - Nora and Oedipus, are both constructed to illustrate flaws in society and how naive people are. Ibsen and Sophocles both developed tragedy into a central idea that all people surreptitiously understand. Nora and Oedipus make incompetent decisions that assist in discovering their fundamental nature as tragic heroes and provoke sorrow and pity among the audience. Oedipus livedRead MoreEssay about Oedipus - Don Taylor Adaption1286 Words   |  6 Pagesoverlooking the Kingdom and the elegant, admirable robes. Here you will find the setting of â€Å"Oedipus the King† written by Sophocles, adapted in 1986 by Don Taylor. Taylor adapts this version extremely well, highlighting the main themes and significant symbolising Sophocles would have used in the play outstandingly. Also he still keeps the reflection of the Greek culture of the play too. Like all Greek tragedies Oedipus is set around only one setting, here it’s outside the Kingdom where the citizens of ThebesRead MoreHuman Conscience And Destiny In Oedipus The King By Sophocles1447 Words   |  6 Pages Among the Greek tragedies, there can probably be found something deeper and more elaborate, than â€Å"Oedipus the King† by Sophocles, but there is not a single one, in which the philosophical depth and tragic strength would be combined with such incomparable sophistication, noble grace and structural perfection. The image of a monstrous Sphinx with the face of a woman, wings, sharp claws, the body of a lion and mysteriously dangerous speech penetrates the whole tragedy as an incorporation of destinyRead MoreDr Faustus as a Tragic Hero4240 Words   |  17 PagesBefore moving on further, we should discuss about the definition of a tragic hero. A tragic hero is obviously a hero of a tragedy drama. However, this is not enough. Perhaps the first tragic hero in history of drama is Oedipus in ‘Oedipus Rex’ of Sophocles. There we could find that Oedipus in the end suffers tragic consequence but he was higher than ordinary people. This matter is very important. A hero of the tragedy should not be an ordinary man but should be some higher and extra ordinary. He is exceptionalRead MoreStories Of Anowa, Oedipus The King, And Cinderella925 Words   |  4 PagesThere are various extraordinary stories that people have read in their lifetimes that they will never forget. After reading several poems and stories this semester, there were three outstanding stories that caught my attention. Anowa, Oedipus the King, and Cinderella stood out to me from all the stories that have been discussed and read in class. While reading Anowa, I was drastically becoming interested into the main character, Anowa. What made me interested in her was the fact that many peopleRead MoreFigurative Language In Oedipus And Shakespeare1183 Words   |  5 Pageslanguage, diction, and metaphor contribute to various aspects of their work, adding both elements of drama and realism. By incorporating significant words and lines into their writings, Shakespeare and Sophocles create consistent and fluid plays and stories throughout their lives that offer timeless entertainment. The manipulation of speech seen through various characters such as Teiresias, Oedipus, Margaret, Richmond and Anne play a substantial and crucial role in the development of their respective playsRead More Oedipus the King: Unrealistic or Realistic Essay2008 Words   |  9 PagesOedipus Rex – Unrealistic or Realistic  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚        Ã‚   Let’s explore the traces of realsim and its opposite in Sophocles’ tragedy, Oedipus Rex.    The first obvious question is: How can this drama possibly be considered realistic since it relies so heavily on predetermination and fate in the life of the protagonist, Oedipus? As Jocasta recounts to Oedipus:    An oracle Once came to Laius (I will not say Twas from the Delphic god himself, but from His ministers)Read MoreAncient Greek Empire : A Of Culture1583 Words   |  7 Pagescommon form of government in the Dark Ages. Examples of this can be found in the Iliad through the roles of Agamemnon and Theseus. The plot of this play was driven by the actions the noble families took against one another. Another historical Greek king was Croesus. Herodotus wrote about Croesus in Histories and described him as a tragic figure. Croesus assumed that he knew much more than he actually did and was prideful. His pride led to the death of his son. He went to ask the oracle at Delphi whetherRead MoreComparison of Jim from Huckleberry Finn or Ethan Frome1540 Words   |  6 Pageswhich character Jim or Ethan Frome has a chance of making it, I believe that Jim has a greater chance of â€Å"making it† for the following reasons Jim’s genre of Realism deals with the representation of reality of literature, local color, the Civil War, and and increasing rates of literacy in Americ a there were no opposing or greater factors in Realism that could result in Jim being toppled. While on the other hand in Ethan Frome he has many strong opposing factors such as the neverending winter storm(Winter

Sunday, May 10, 2020

The Number One Question You Must Ask for Philosophy Essay Topics about Animals

The Number One Question You Must Ask for Philosophy Essay Topics about Animals Writing a paper on pets is much less simple as it sounds, especially once you want to include useful data in your writing. The point is you will be better able to evaluate what is really important when you've included everything on your very first draft. For instance, in college, you might be requested to compose a paper from the opposing perspective. Any academic paper tips So, in the event that you still wish to try to address your paper on your own, here you have few interesting and really helpful suggestions. Writing an essay on information technology calls for a significant measure of information and a sensible comprehension of the subject. You shouldn't write your paper as though it's a personal communiqu to me. Before you commence writing your research paper, make sure that you've got a very clear idea about what you are going to be discussing. If you wish to earn a superb philosophical pa per, then here is a wonderful structure you can utilize. How to Get Started with Philosophy Essay Topics about Animals? For you have to be helpful in grammar whatever the case. Later, when you get the simple essay format down pat, your topic sentence won't necessarily will need to be the very first sentence. Your paragraphs ought to be in transition that is they shouldn't be just piled in addition to each rather 1 paragraph needs to be built upon each other. A brief introductory paragraph contains a strong opening sentence which should be supporting the GCSE essay question. The Basics of Philosophy Essay Topics about Animals All you will need is to explore your topic deep enough to get a sufficient quantity of evidence and proofs. Your answer is going to be evaluated in relation to the question that was asked. Second, be sure that it is complete. If it is No', now is the time for all of us to know it. How to Find Philosophy Essay Topics about Animals Figure out the criti cal information every student ought to know prior to writing a thesis essay! While writing an essay for the academic purpose you must revive your imagination in addition to do the necessary fieldwork. Many amateur writers find it tough to compose an essay that's appreciated by the teacher. No, in your plan you'd be writing the leading significant points that would be utilized in the essay. When it has to do with essay writing, it's a terrific medium to provide your personalized view about a topic. An introduction is easily the most important portion of the greatest essay writing service. It is the backbone of an essay because it contains all the information which a reader wants to read. An effective introduction is essential to a thriving essay. Finding Philosophy Essay Topics about Animals Online There are lots of resources you could explore to secure more info about philosophy essay topics ethics. There's no very clear idea about the kinds of business ethics that needs to be on the top priority for businessmen. Thus, teachers bear the duty of crafting an education plan which is pertinent to their environment. Information technology due to its specific branches and wide extension has been an intriguing area of study for the great majority of the students. Animal testing isn't only a research to discover cures for human diseases, it is likewise an experimenta tion to set up safety of various products like daily necessities, cosmetic merchandise and medicines. As an example, while lots of people think that it isn't right to hurt animals, they concede that hurting animals ought to be permitted under certain conditions. Animals are a main portion of the surroundings. They are a part of our environment and are living creatures. Rather, you just be aware that the world exists, in other words, you experience an awareness of the world around you. You can find with a topic which examines the function of ethics in our society because it is today. How students ethics play a substantial part in molding the country towards well-behaved individuals. Supporting nationalism is for the betterment of nations around the Earth, and subsequently, the entire world prospers. A Startling Fact about Philosophy Essay Topics about Animals Uncovered To put it differently you should talk about the arguments FOR animal rights and AGAINST. You're then requ ested to prove your thesis with good evidence to back this up. You should receive the structure right, but likewise the arguments are essential. You are able to speak to other students if you discover that it's tough to pick a very good subject issue. Finding the Best Philosophy Essay Topics about Animals You can begin your introduction by writing an intriguing preface which states the background about the subject. As any other essay, philosophy work has its features and peculiarities that should be taken into consideration when you need to acquire the top-notch excellent work. When instructed to compose compositions on the book, there are many topics which students may explore. It is possible to also add real-life examples to create your introduction seem striking. Finding the Best Philosophy Essay Topics about Animals To receive a better grip at writing, essay writing is a powerful exercise which then provides the ability to write on nearly every subject of your interest. Your even compact experience of writing will be also very beneficial. As a writer, it's your job to make sure your reader doesn't lose the direction or the point that you're trying to make. Moreover, you are able to also conduct an interview to have the idea on how it's taken. More essay help Each teacher is a bit different within her requirements. As a teacher having students that are masters in essay writing is a central goal. Consequently, they enjoy their assignments and do not take them as a form of punishment but an opportunity to showcase their skills. Each hint students receive from the tool includes a lot of explanations which make the practice of essay writing essay for the two students and teachers.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Negative Consequences of Deforestation Free Essays

Earth without forests is a picture that most of human-kind presently could not conceive. Forests cover much of the planet†s land area. They are extremely important to humans and the natural world. We will write a custom essay sample on The Negative Consequences of Deforestation or any similar topic only for you Order Now However, deforestation has been consuming our forests. Deforestation brings about a lot of unexpected effects on the earth and results in many negative consequences. â€Å"If the current rate of deforestation continues, the world†s rain forests will vanish within 100 years-causing unknown effects on global climate and eliminating the majority of plant and animal species on the planet,† according to NASA†s Earth Observatory. Deforestation increases the greenhouse effect and accelerates global warming. It also causes erosion, and the silting of lakes or rivers is caused by soil erosion. The same source claims that deforestation is very hard to be stopped because â€Å"the causes of deforestation are very complex. † There are several reasons why this current trend exists. Deforestation occurs in many ways. People destroy or degrade forests because, for them, the benefits seem to outweigh the costs. Underlying causes include such issues as poverty, unequal land ownership, women†s status, education and the explosive growth of the population. Immediate causes are often concerned with a search for land and resources, including both commercial timber and fuelwood. One of the main indirect causes of deforestation is poverty, particularly poverty in rural areas. Although poverty is not a â€Å"principal cause† of deforestation, it is a living condition that the majority of people in this world must endure. While greed and power can be the motivations of some groups in society that deforest, survival and the desire to escape from poverty is what drives most people. Poverty is not only the socioeconomic environment that limits people†s economic options, damages health but also reduces income generating opportunities. It is an underlying condition that facilitates deforestation. There is some evidence from the industrialized countries of the North that suggests as societies become more economically secure they reach a point where the economic development pressures that drive deforestation are replaced by a growing environmental concern and a greater appreciation of environmental values. However, for most developing countries that point is off in the far distant future. Most tropical countries are very poor by U. S standards, and farming is a basic way of life for a large part of the population. According to NASA†s article, in Brazil, for example, â€Å"the average annual earnings per person is U. S. $5400, compared to $26,980 per person is the United States (World Bank, 1998)†, and in Bolivia, â€Å"which holds part of the Amazon rain forest, the average earnings per person is $800. † The rural poor have very few options. There are few prospects of off-farm employment in either the urban centers or the rural areas. Illiteracy further limits the options of many because they do not have the basic tools needed to pursue other economic alternatives to subsistence farming. With few alternatives available to them, the rural poor consider forests as a short-term solution to their economic problems. Deforestation happens as a result of poverty. More important than that, commercial logging is considered as the major direct cause of deforestation. NASA†s Earth Observatory asserts that â€Å"logging can occur selectively-where only the economically valuable species are cut or by clearcutting, where all the trees are cut. † The forces of large global markets for wood and wood products drive the scale of logging activities. Logging in the tropics does not in any way resemble scientific forestry and is often characterized by a â€Å"cut-and-get-out† mentality in logging companies. Forestry uses science and management skills to manipulate the natural vegetation to favor the long term production of a selected number of goods and services. In contrast, most tropical logging involves the short term exploitation of only industrial wood products with no eye to the future of the forests. The intensity of logging in Asia†s forests is much higher than in the forests found in America or Europe. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates: â€Å"About half the land area of South America and Europe is covered by forest, but only one-sixth of Asia’s land is forested. † And â€Å"a study in Indonesia found that when only 3% of the trees were cut, a logging operation damaged 49% of the trees in the forest,† as the article from NASA has noted. In addition, at the national level, governments sell logging concessions to raise money for projects, to pay international debt, or to develop industry. The logging companies seek to harvest the forest and make profit from the sales of pulp and valuable hardwoods such as mahogany. They use heavy machinery, such as bulldozers, road graders, and log skidders, to remove cut trees and build roads, â€Å"which is just as damaging to a forest overall as the chainsaws are to the individual trees,† according to the same source from NASA. Logging is done because of profits. Not only individual lumberjacks but also logging companies seek material advantage. Therefore, any country that does not have a suitable forest management will gain a higher level of deforestation by commercial logging. As we have seen, the causes of deforestation are very complex. Knowing the main indirect and direct causes help us improve our understanding of the causes and also the effects of climatic and environmental change, so that we may become more effective and efficient managers of our natural resources, as well as mitigate potential impacts from natural disasters. How to cite The Negative Consequences of Deforestation, Essay examples

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Smoking Youth - Not Just an American Habit free essay sample

A look at the phenomenon of teenagers who smoke and international programs seeking to put an end to this trend. This paper presents a detailed examination on the problem of adolescent smoking on a global basis. The writer takes the reader on an exploratory journey that outlines the causes of youth smoking and discusses programs that are in place to prevent its occurrence. In addition the writer provides a discussion on the effectiveness of such programs. In the last several decades the world has discovered the truth about the perils of smoking tobacco. There is little doubt that the habit contributes to lung cancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma and many other disorders. There have been numerous studies conducted on the perils of smoking and the reasons people continue to do it and the conclusion often points to the addiction being acquired in adolescents. Adults know on an intellectual level that they should not smoke, but often times by the time they reach adulthood they have already been smoking for several years. We will write a custom essay sample on Smoking Youth Not Just an American Habit or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Adolescents know they should not smoke, but they have the disadvantage of believing they are invincible. Smoking in adolescents is not exclusive to America. It is a worldwide problem in which many nations are scrambling to find a solution.